What is the collective unconscious? Take the Carl Jung quiz!

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Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud were once very close; Freud considered Jung his "successor and crown prince." But then the two founding psychologists famously parted ways. How much do you know about Carl Jung's ideas and methods?

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Question 1 of 20

As a child, Carl Jung's life was _______.

characterized by multiple relocations
impacted by dysfunctional parents
nearly idyllic
spent in an orphanage

... Jung grew up in Switzerland, with dysfunctional parents. His father, a clergyman, would fly into rages, while his mother had emotional problems. Her behavior fluctuated between happiness and wild incoherence.

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Question 2 of 20

From an early age, Jung placed a great deal of reliance on _________.

dreams
friends
his parents
reason

... Jung was rather asocial and fascinated with dreams and the unconscious. He chose a university major in the science field because he dreamed, literally, of working as a paleontologist.

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Question 3 of 20

Jung earned a medical degree and began working as a(n) ________.

family practitioner
neurologist
obstetrician
psychiatrist

... After graduating in 1900, Jung was appointed to a post as a psychiatrist at a mental institution in Zurich.

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Question 4 of 20

In 1905, Jung began to lecture at the University of Zurich. He resigned several years later because he ________.

was embroiled in a scandal
had differences with the administration
got married
was in poor health

... When Jung married an extremely rich heiress, he could afford to devote all his time to researching, writing and pursuing a private practice.

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Question 5 of 20

Jung's analysis sessions typically had the patient ________.

lying on a couch
seated, facing the analyst
sitting back to back with the analyst
wandering freely throughout the room

... Jung and his patients sat facing each other in comfortable chairs, rejecting Freud's use of "the couch." Once in a while, he even conducted therapy sessions on his sailboat.

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Question 6 of 20

In 1911, Jung became the first president of the International Psychoanalytic Association; he was elected with Freud's support over many Viennese candidates because he was _______.

more experienced
not Jewish
relatively young
rich

... Freud was worried about rising anti-Semitism and believed the organization could not flourish with a Jewish president.

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Question 7 of 20

At age 38, Jung __________.

believed he was going insane
lost all his money
stopped treating patients
was fired from his presidency of the International Psychoanalytic Association

... Jung began to experience severe emotional problems that precluded academic work; he even contemplated suicide. However, during this three-year period, he continued to treat patients.

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Question 8 of 20

During his period of mental illness, Jung kept a manuscript of writings and drawings (The Red Book) that explored his own consciousness. It was not published until 2009, having been kept in ________.

A library at the University of Zurich
a Swiss bank vault
the care of a colleague
the family library

... Almost 50 years after Jung's death, the 200-page "Red Book" was removed from a Swiss bank vault so it could be published.

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Question 9 of 20

Jung developed unusual behaviors during his time of emotional upheaval that stayed with him throughout his life, including _______.

burying jars of money in his garden
hiding money in books
talking to kitchen utensils
all of the above

... Jung wished a good morning to kitchen objects every day. He also hid a great deal of money in secret stashes, putting cash in jars in the garden and in books. He even created codes to remind himself of their locations, though he often forgot the code keys.

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Question 10 of 20

Jung and Freud held some differing views; the greatest was their view toward ________.

dreams
sex
the unconscious
women

... While both Freud and Jung enjoyed having female disciples, Jung would physically follow up on his feelings. He had many sexual relationships, while Freud abstained, eventually, even from marital sex. Freud believed sex was the major motivator for human behavior, while Jung downplayed its importance.

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Question 11 of 20

Jung believed that the critical stage for personality development is ________.

childhood
adolescence
young adulthood
middle age

... Though Freud believed that people's actions were always moderated by their childhood experiences, Jung thought the greatest amount of personal growth occurred during middle age.

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Question 12 of 20

Jung maintained that each person has a "personal unconscious" -- memories, emotions and perceptions that are either suppressed or have been forgotten. He grouped similar patterns of behavior in people under the heading of ________.

collectives
complexes
defense mechanisms
phobias

... Jung termed patterns of behavior with the same theme "complexes." For instance, reoccurring feelings and experiences involving inadequacies were grouped as an "inferiority complex."

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Question 13 of 20

Jung also proposed a level deeper than the personal unconscious: the collective unconscious. It contains experiences of past generations, including ________.

Adam and Eve
animals
anyone who lived "before common era" (BCE)
magical creatures

... Coming to us from all our ancestors (including animals), the collective unconscious cannot be brought forth into memory; it always stays under the surface.

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Question 14 of 20

Jung believed that the "gods" of the collective unconscious are _______: inherited tendencies that primarily deal with basic strong emotions involving societal commonalities such as birth, death and marriage.

archetypes
epicenters
primes
prototypes

... Archetypes include the persona (the mask we present to society), the anima and animus (characteristics of the opposite sex), the shadow (animalistic behavior) and the self, which must balance all parts of the unconscious.

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Question 15 of 20

How does the "persona" correlate to a person's true personality?

It is very close to someone's personality.
It is the opposite of someone's personality.
It varies depending upon the situation.

... The persona may act in a variety of ways, based on society's expectations within a particular context.

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Question 16 of 20

Which of the following is a characteristic of the Jungian shadow archetype?

creativity
masculinity
pretense
stability

... The shadow is the primitive side of character and has many negative aspects, such as immorality and violence. However, it also encompasses creativity, spontaneity and perceptiveness.

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Question 17 of 20

Jung introduced four functions that help express personality differences. Which of them involves the conscious perception of the environment?

feeling
intuiting
sensing
thinking

... Sensing is the awareness of information collected from physical artifacts that make up a person's environment.

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Question 18 of 20

Which pair of functions did Jung consider non-rational?

feeling and intuiting
feeling and sensing
intuiting and thinking
sensing and intuiting

... Jung believed that sensing and intuiting (the latter meaning unconscious perception) did not involve the use of reason and judgment, so he considered them non-rational.

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Question 19 of 20

Jung developed the competing psychological concepts of ________.

habits vs. learning
introvert and extrovert
reflexes and learned behavior
trust vs. mistrust

... Extroverts are social and confident, while introverts are closed off and insecure. Both are present inside all people, but one emerges stronger.

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Question 20 of 20

Jung's eight psychological types (which involve the combination of the four functions and introversion/extroversion) were used to create which common psychological test?

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
Myers-Briggs test
Rorschach inkblot test
Wechsler Intelligence Scale

... Based on Jung's eight types, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is often used for research, employment interviews and counseling.

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