What societies are matriarchal? Take our matriarchal societies quiz!

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Different cultures around the world have distinct interpretations of matriarchy. Challenge your knowledge of its nuances, politics and facts with our Matriarchal Societies Quiz.

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Question 1 of 20

For what concept does the matriarchal Mosuo tribe of China not have a word?

son
brother
father

... The Mosuo, often considered to be the last matriarchal society in the world, have no word for father. They also do not have a word for "husband," since the concept of marriage doesn't exist in their society.

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Question 2 of 20

The Iroquois Nation has long been considered a matriarchal society. To what tribal position did Iroquois women appoint people?

medicine men
sachems (chief)
warriors

... While the sachems of Iroquois tribes were men, women were responsible for appointing them. They also had decision-making power.

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Question 3 of 20

Traditionally, what do the Navajo pass down though the female line?

jewelry
property
money

... In Navajo society, property is passed down through the female line.

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Question 4 of 20

What is the term used to describe a clan in which three to four generations of women live together, never moving from their clan's home.

femalocality
gynocality
matrilocality

... Matrilocality refers to the practice of women remaining in their clan's home, even after a significant life event like marriage.

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Question 5 of 20

What type of economy do matriarchal societies tend to follow?

industrial
agricultural
hunter and gathers

... Matriarchal societies are usually, though not exclusively, agricultural societies.

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Question 6 of 20

According to the matriarchy scholar Heide Göttner-Abendroth, what is the most important thing for women in matriarchal societies control?

clothing
homes
fields and food

... Women controlled the food and the ability to produce.

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Question 7 of 20

Many scholars believe this concept was the foundation of many societies we would now refer to as matriarchal.

clan rule
equality
hereditary monarchy

... Many scholars believe a value inherent in various matriarchal societies was actually equality.

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Question 8 of 20

In what story were the race of Amazonian women referred to as Antianeirai, which roughly translates into "women who fight like men"?

"The Iliad"
"The Odyssey"
"Helen of Troy"

... In Homer's "Iliad," the Amazonian women are referred to as Antianeirai.

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Question 9 of 20

According to archeological evidence, what role did women in the Sauromatian culture, dating from the 6th to the 4th century B.C., occupy?

chieftains
farmers
warriors

... Archeological evidence shows that women were accomplished and most likely fierce warriors.

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Question 10 of 20

According to ancient Greek myths, what did Heracles have to acquire from the Amazon Queen Hippolyta?

her magical sword
her magical crown
her magical girdle

... Heracles was given the not-so-trivial task of acquiring Hippolyta's girdle.

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Question 11 of 20

Athena was the ancient Greek Goddess of War. Who was the ancient Roman Goddess of War?

Juno
Minerva
Bellona

... Bellona was the fierce roman Goddess of War.

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Question 12 of 20

The word patriarchy derives from ancient Greek. What does it translate into?

rule over women
rule of our fathers
rule of our kings

... Patriarchy is translated as "rule of our fathers."

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Question 13 of 20

The Chinese matriarchal Mosuo society follow two religious traditions. The first is Dada. What is the second?

Zen Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism
Chinese Buddhism

... The Mosuo follow the Tibetan Buddhist religious practices and traditions.

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Question 14 of 20

The existence of a purely matriarchal society in the modern world is hotly debated. What argument is used to disqualify the Mosuo people, often called the last matriarchy on Earth?

men retain all clan money
men retain all clan property
men hold positions of power

... In Mosuo society, men are allowed to hold positions of power. This has led to the argument that they are not a true matriarchy and thus there are no matriarchies in the modern world.

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Question 15 of 20

What is the definition of a matrilineal society?

Women own all property.
Families trace lineage through the mother's side.
There is no such thing as marriage.

... In a matrilineal society, lineage for both men and women is traced through the mother. However, this does not necessarily translate into a matriarchal society.

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Question 16 of 20

What did women of the Southern India Marumakkathayam, which practiced matrilineal lineage, own?

children
men
land

... Women who lived in a Marumakkathayam society owned the community's land.

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Question 17 of 20

The Minankabau people of Western Sumatra still consider themselves a matriarchal society. What happens during the marriage ceremony that differs from patriarchal marriage traditions?

A woman marries multiple husbands.
Males are "given" away.
Women walk in a circle around the men.

... According to Minankabau tradition, the woman collects the male and his belongings from his home. He is escorted to his wife's home by her female family members.

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Question 18 of 20

Gylany has been proposed as an alternative term for some societies. How is this term defined?

a social system emphasizing equal partnership
a child-centered social system
an elder-centered social system

... Gylany has been proposed as a way to describe cultures that are not entirely matriarchal or patriarchal but a partnership.

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Question 19 of 20

Which ancient Greek philosopher claimed women were the property of men, born to reproduce and serve their male superiors?

Pythagoras
Herodotus
Aristotle

... Aristotle was a great philosopher, but when it came to women he was not the most forward-thinking.

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Question 20 of 20

It can be said that these insects live in a matriarchy.

dragonflies
butterflies
bees

... The queen bee rules the hive and the worker bees are considered to be female. You make the call.

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