Will we ever cure muscular dystrophy? Take the quiz!
What do you know about muscular dystrophy? What treatments are available? Can it be cured? Take this quiz to test what you know about this severe medical condition.start quiz
Question 1 of 20
According to the National Institutes of Health, the category "muscular dystrophy" includes how many diseases?
... More than 30 progressively degenerative muscular diseases are grouped together under the term "muscular dystrophy."
Question 2 of 20
The muscles affected by muscular dystrophy _________.
... For each person, the muscles affected depend upon the type of muscular dystrophy and the severity. All muscles could be compromised, or it might be limited to one area, such as the pelvis, shoulder or face.
Question 3 of 20
Treatment to cure muscular dystrophy _________.
... There is no current treatment that will cure or reverse muscular dystrophy. Treatments are designed to alleviate specific symptoms such as respiratory difficulties and seizures.
Question 4 of 20
Individuals with muscular dystrophy begin to show symptoms _______.
... Although the more serious forms of muscular dystrophy begin showing their symptoms in early childhood, it tends to vary -- onset can even become symptomatic at adulthood.
Question 5 of 20
Muscular dystrophy is caused by ___________.
... Muscular dystrophy is an inherited disease.
Question 6 of 20
According to the Mayo Clinic, much of the research into muscular dystrophy is focused on __________.
... Gene therapy is a significant area of muscular dystrophy research; the focus is stopping the development of the disease.
Question 7 of 20
Research into muscular dystrophy also includes ___________.
... Research into reducing muscle loss, repairing damaged muscles and using stem cells to introduce a missing protein are all ongoing efforts.
Question 8 of 20
Physical therapy is used by muscular dystrophy patients to ________.
... Tendons progressively retract in muscular dystrophy patients, and physical therapy can be utilized to help maintain range-of-motion.
Question 9 of 20
One drug treatment for muscular dystrophy is the use of corticosteroids to __________.
... Corticosteroids are used to reduce the rate of muscle loss.
Question 10 of 20
Vaccinations for pneumonia and influenza are important for patients with muscular dystrophy because of __________.
... Some forms of muscular dystrophy affect the respiratory muscles surrounding the lungs and can make it extremely difficult for patients to breathe.
Question 11 of 20
Researchers of two of the later-onset forms of muscular dystrophy, myotonic and facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy, are assisted by a national registry that shares information about _________.
... The federally-funded registry collects family histories, recruits patients for research and stores medical data. It is housed at the University of Rochester in New York State.
Question 12 of 20
According to the Centers for Disease Control, the two most common forms of muscular dystrophy in children affect ________.
... Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy affect around 1 in 3,500-5,000 boys.
Question 13 of 20
As muscular dystrophy progresses into the later phases, muscle fiber may be replaced by ____________.
... In the most serious stages of muscular dystrophy, muscles are often supplanted by fat and connective tissue.
Question 14 of 20
In 2009, researchers discovered a significant gene difference between humans and _________, which had been used as laboratory animals to study muscular dystrophy.
... Rats and mice do not have two specific components of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene, which could have affected their bodies' responses to experiments. Lack of knowledge of this difference may have negatively impacted research up to that time.
Question 15 of 20
Developmental disabilities due to muscular dystrophy occur ________.
... Developmental disabilities may be present in people who have some forms of muscular dystrophy, but they are not always present.
Question 16 of 20
The most common form of muscular dystrophy is due to a lack of a/an ___________.
... People with Duchenne, the most common type of muscular dystrophy, lack the protein dystrophin.
Question 17 of 20
Parents can find out if a child in the womb has muscular dystrophy through ___________.
... Amniocentesis (at 14-16 weeks) or CVS (chorionic villus sampling) in early pregnancy can be used to test for the presence of muscular dystrophy.
Question 18 of 20
Muscular dystrophy patients often develop contractures, which are __________.
... A contracture is the permanent shortening of a muscle. In patients with muscular dystrophy, joints such as hands, feet, knees and hips are often affected.
Question 19 of 20
Some of the research into Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene mutation focuses on the use of __________.
... Researchers propose that 80 percent of Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients could be helped by gene splicing, which may avoid the mutation altogether.
Question 20 of 20
As a result of the Muscular Dystrophy Community Assistance, Research and Education Amendments Act of 2001, the National Institutes of Health established muscular dystrophy research centers named for __________.
... The centers are named for Senator Paul Wellstone of Minnesota, who was killed in a plane crash in 2002. Senator Wellstone was a strong proponent of muscular dystrophy research.
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