What secret treasures does Egypt hold? Take the quiz.


Thanks to its incredible history, Egypt is a popular tourist destination, but much of ancient Egypt's past still lies hidden beneath centuries of development and shifting sands. Test your knowledge of Egypt's hidden treasures and how new techniques may help uncover them.

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Question 1 of 20

What new technology has uncovered 17 lost Egyptian pyramids and thousands of ancient tombs and settlements?

3-D rapid prototyping
high-frequency ultrasound
infrared satellites

... Satellites with high-resolution infrared technology have found lost pyramids, tombs and settlements under the Earth's surface. The satellites are 435 miles (700 km) above Earth, but the technology can detect an object about 3.2 feet (1 meter) in diameter.


Question 2 of 20

The tomb of the pharaoh Akhenaten still is undiscovered, but he is linked to a famous discovery because:

He killed Tutankhamen.
He was Tutankhamen's father.
Akhenaten's possessions were found in Tutankhamen's tomb.

... Akhenaten, also known as the "heretic pharaoh," was King Tut's father. Some believe that a tomb in Kings Valley may belong to him but others say it is undiscovered.


Question 3 of 20

The Temple of Luxor was built by King Amenhotep III as a:

pyramid to house remains of Queen Nefertiti
temple to honor the god Amon-Re
casino in Las Vegas

... King Amenhotep III built the Temple at Luxor during his reign (1390 - 53 B.C.) and dedicated it to Amon-Re, king of the Egyptian gods. Later pharaohs added to and used the temple and it was buried for a time under Luxor's streets and towns.


Question 4 of 20

When Egyptologists uncover lost tombs and settlements, what will be some of the greatest finds?

more gold
a lost emerald
materials that shed light on daily life

... Most archaeological finds to date have been related to kings and the elite, but Egyptologists would love to find goods and writings that might give them a better idea of everyday life in ancient Egypt for common people.


Question 5 of 20

What is one of the reasons that many ancient Egyptian settlements are hidden?

Egyptian authorities want to keep hidden treasures to themselves.
Egypt's enemies destroyed evidence of ancient settlements and plundered their treasures.
Silt from he Nile River has covered ancient sites.

... The Nile river bed likely shifted eastward and left silt deposits on the west side of its banks, burying settlements such as Saqqara, one of the ancient cities identified by infrared satellite as having tombs and settlements beneath the sand.


Question 6 of 20

A technology that has been used by NASA to detect ice deposits on the moon's surface and to pinpoint ancient tombs is called:

ground penetrating radar
lunar glacialis locator
global information system

... The ground penetrating radar can run across a potential archaeological site, much like running a mower over a lawn, without disturbing relics or burial sites. Archaeologists can combine the data with satellite and GPS data to pinpoint locations.


Question 7 of 20

This city was once the capital of ancient Egypt and now has been outlined by satellite imagery:


... Tanis is one of the ancient cities outlined by space archaeology; it was the capital of ancient Egypt during the 21st dynasty -- around 1000 B.C.


Question 8 of 20

It is believed that Egypt's oldest pyramid belonged to which pharaoh?


... Pharaoh Djoser ruled in the third dynasty (about 2650 B.C.) and first was buried in a mastaba (flat-roofed tomb) that was later covered with a new pyramid-shaped structure -- the oldest known stone monument of its scale.


Question 9 of 20

Which of the following is least likely to be found in an Egyptian royal tomb?

a royal dentist
a royal pet
the body of the tomb laborers' cook

... In 2006, tomb raiders led authorities to the ancient tombs of royal dentists who worked for the pharaoh Djoser. He apparently chose to honor the men who cared for his oral health. Many royals also took their pets and in-laws to the afterlife. Tomb laborers in the New Kingdom were permitted to build their own tombs in the King's Valley -- about one-fifth the size of royal tombs.


Question 10 of 20

How many people does Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities employ to help protect ancient sites and relics?


... Most of the 58,000 people employed by Egypt's SCA are local security personnel. There also are police who work at museums and sites that receive heavy tourist traffic. Many disappeared or were ineffective during the 2011 revolution in the country, when thousands of priceless objects were stolen.


Question 11 of 20

In 2008, Egyptian archaeologists uncovered a missing pyramid of pharaoh Menkauhor that included mummified remains of sacred:


... The bulls had been worshipped in Egypt's ancient capital of Memphis. Ancient priests apparently carried the mummified animals in a ceremonial procession down a road alongside Menkauhor's pyramid where the bulls were interred. The ancient Egyptians considered the bulls incarnations of the Memphis god.


Question 12 of 20

The high priest who oversaw Egyptian mummification wore a mask representing which god?


... The high priest wore the mask of Anubis, god of embalming, and was called the Hery Sesheta, which meant "overseer of the mysteries."


Question 13 of 20

Why is it possible to see the shapes of buried ancient Egyptian homes using satellite infrared technology?

The old sites are closer to the center of the Earth, so they are hotter.
All old buildings were shaped like pyramids, so they really stand out.
Ancient Egyptian homes were fashioned from mud brick, which looks different on infrared technology from surrounding soil.

... The silt and sand that has settled around ancient Egyptian mud brick homes looks different from the dense mud bricks on infrared pictures, which helps space archaeologists pinpoint shapes of ancient settlements.


Question 14 of 20

What supposedly modern condition did scientists recently find in their studies of Egyptian mummies?

lung cancer
clogged arteries
bipolar disorder

... We've always assumed that modern diets cause clogged arteries, or atherosclerosis. But a team of scientists found in 2011 that some ancient Egyptian mummies have shown signs of heart disease. They're unsure of the reason; ancient Egyptians ate some meat, but mostly grains, fruits and vegetables.


Question 15 of 20

Research by Egyptologist Daniel Boatwright found that ancient Egyptian weapons belonging to pharaohs most likely were used for:

ornamentation and intimidation only; they had hired "guns" to do their dirty work.
battles and execution of prisoners by royals
only for burial with royals to protect them in their afterlives

... It seems that Boatwright's findings paint a picture of royals who were busy fighting many of their own battles, from avenging relatives' deaths to fighting in actual battles. Few weapons were ornamental and they have been linked to kings' tombs.


Question 16 of 20

What percentage of ancient Egypt's buried past has been discovered?

10 percent
30 percent
60 percent

... According to Zahi Hawass, Egypt's minister of antiquities, only about 30 percent of the country's ancient past has been discovered.


Question 17 of 20

In July 2011, Egyptian authorities announced unearthing of a 5,200-year-old rock drawing that depicted:

hierarchical orders for gods and people, a sort of organizational chart for society
primitive hunting rituals
a royal festival

... The royal festival was held during the time of the ancient land's earliest dynasty. It depicted celebrations of hunting and fighting on the banks of the Nile River.


Question 18 of 20

Why do scholars have to use caution when interpreting scenes of everyday life depicted on pharaohs' tombs?

The scenes have been altered by graffiti artists.
There is no way to interpret the text that accompanies the scenes.
The scenes portray hopes for the king's afterlife, not accurate records of life as it was.

... Scenes on tombs of pharaohs can give some clues to everyday life on their estates, but as with all involved in tombs and burial, their purpose was to ease the transition to the afterlife; these are not records of what occurred when the king lived.


Question 19 of 20

What was the name of pharaoh Ramses' less well-known principal wife?


... Nefertari (not Nefertiti) was Ramses' principal wife; who was more well known and reputedly his favorite. Isinofre was less known but bore him a son named Ramses and a reported favorite daughter name Bintanath.


Question 20 of 20

What kind of technology was used in a trailer outside the Field Museum in Chicago to help "diagnose" mummies still sealed in coffins?

magnetic resonance imaging
computed tomography scans

... The mobile computed tomography, or CT equipment, scanned right through the coffins to spare damaging them. Scientists studied 40 mummies from Egypt and Peru. One mummy had a skull and legs but was missing a torso, another revealed lower back problems. The scans also helped determine sex, age, and cause of death for some of the dead.


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