Do you have post-traumatic stress disorder? Take the PTSD quiz!


Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder individuals may develop after experiencing or witnessing a dangerous episode. Would you recognize the symptoms? Are there any effective treatments? How do people develop PTSD?

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Question 1 of 20

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may increase an individual's likelihood of contracting ____________.

chronic bronchitis
rheumatoid arthritis

... The risk of developing several medical conditions increases with PTSD, including autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease), cardiovascular disease, chronic pain and musculoskeletal conditions.


Question 2 of 20

Symptoms strongly resembling PTSD were described during the U.S. Civil War. What was it called then?

combat fatigue
nervous exhaustion
shell shock

... During the Civil War era, what we now call PTSD was called "insanity" or "melancholia." The WWI label was "shell shocked." During WWII the term "combat fatigue" was used.


Question 3 of 20

After a trauma, when should someone consider seeking help for PTSD?

after a month of symptoms
if life seems out of control
only if there are suicidal thoughts
all of the above

... Although most people are affected after a trauma, if the effects are long-lasting (a month or more) and severe enough to negatively affect daily life, individuals should seek professional help. Anyone experiencing suicidal thoughts should also seek help, but individuals should not wait for symptoms to become that severe.


Question 4 of 20

Which is NOT a symptom of PTSD?

avoiding reminders of the trauma
becoming catatonic
being easily startled or upset
reliving the negative experience

... Individuals suffering from PTSD may have symptoms that cause them to avoid feelings and places, re-experience trauma and become tense or angry easily. They are not in a state of unconsciousness, however.


Question 5 of 20

In the first few months following the 9/11 attacks, what percentage of Manhattan residents showed symptoms of PTSD?

about 1 percent
about 10 percent
about 25 percent
less than 1 percent

... More than 1 in 10 Manhattan residents showed signs of PTSD during the first few months following 9/11.


Question 6 of 20

Members of which sex were more likely to suffer PTSD after 9/11?

Males and females were equally affected.
Sex was not studied as a variable.

... Researchers found that women, immigrants and people with low incomes were more likely to develop PTSD after 9/11.


Question 7 of 20

Research after the 2010 Haiti earthquake found what kind of treatment most effective for helping Haitians with PTSD?

dancing and singing
drug therapy
memory recreation
play therapy

... In Haiti, people suffering from PTSD after the earthquake found the most relief in dancing, singing and praying.


Question 8 of 20

How long after a trauma does it take for symptoms of PTSD to appear?

a few days
one week
several weeks
The time varies among individuals.

... Emergence of symptoms varies among individuals. It may take weeks or months after a trauma for indicators to appear.


Question 9 of 20

After the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, what was found about alcohol abuse?

Men with PTSD symptoms were more likely to abuse alcohol.
Women with PTSD symptoms were more likely to abuse alcohol.
Men and women with PTSD symptoms were equally likely to abuse alcohol.
There was no significant alcohol abuse after the tsunami, only pharmaceutical abuse.

... Women with PTSD symptoms (compared to women without symptoms) had a greater chance of abusing both pharmaceuticals and alcohol. Men were more likely to abuse pharmaceuticals.


Question 10 of 20

If you have PTSD, what amount of exercise can help?

Excessive exercise can tire you out so you will not focus on the trauma.
Mild exercise can reduce stress.
Avoiding exercise altogether will help you rest and relax.
Exercise is not a factor in recovery.

... Mild exercise can help decrease tension and improve mood.


Question 11 of 20

Which is generally NOT a treatment for PTSD?

drug therapy
psychological debriefing
treatment for unrelated but ongoing problems

... Psychological debriefing, a single-session experience where survivors talk about their experiences, does not reduce the risk of PTSD; it may, in fact, exacerbate it.


Question 12 of 20

Which alternative medical treatment is recognized by the Mayo Clinic as being effective in treating PTSD symptoms in some individuals?

magnet therapy

... Acupuncture seems to be helpful for some sufferers, although further research is necessary.


Question 13 of 20

Who can have post-traumatic stress disorder?

relatives of someone who's been violently attacked
people who lose a loved one unexpectedly
war veterans
all of the above

... PTSD can affect war vets and individuals who've survived violence and disasters. Additionally, it can appear in people whose loved ones have been victims of violence or have died suddenly.


Question 14 of 20

PTSD symptoms in young children do NOT include _________.

acting out the trauma during pretend play
bed wetting
feeling guilty
losing the ability to talk

... Young children may start wetting the bed though they've been toilet trained. They may re-experience the violence through play. Some youngsters may stop talking. Older children and teenagers may feel guilty for not preventing or stopping the traumatic event.


Question 15 of 20

In a study of the effects of Hurricane Katrina, it was determined that ____________.

The number of survivors with PTSD decreased over time.
The number of survivors with PTSD increased over time.
The number of survivors with PTSD remained stable over time.
There were no survivors suffering from PTSD.

... Survivors of Hurricane Katrina had to deal with numerous issues during the aftermath, such as homelessness, job loss, health concerns and money problems. These hardships, on top of the natural disaster, increased the number of PTSD cases over time.


Question 16 of 20

In general, which is a risk factor for PTSD?

history of alcohol abuse
history of drug use
history of heart disease
history of mental illness

... Individuals who have a history of mental illness are more likely to suffer from PTSD after a traumatic event.


Question 17 of 20

If you know someone with PTSD, it can be helpful to ___________.

find activities that distract your friend from the problem
ignore comments your friend makes about self-injury so it won't be reinforced
refuse to talk about the trauma so your friend won't dwell on it
talk a lot yourself to try to keep your friend from revisiting the trauma

... Activities used as distractions (e.g., walks, visits, shopping, movies) can be beneficial.


Question 18 of 20

One type of psychotherapy used for PTSD is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which often includes __________.

learning to suppress memories
regressing to childhood
studying the unconscious
visiting the location of the trauma

... CBT can include exposure therapy, which safely reintroduces the individual to the site of the trauma through a gradual process.


Question 19 of 20

According to the Department of Defense, what percentage of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans have symptoms of PTSD?

1 percent
10 percent
20 percent
40 percent

... The DoD reports that 20 percent of recent war veterans are symptomatic. One treatment that shows promise is "Virtual Iraq," a virtual reality world that helps vets work through traumas they experienced.


Question 20 of 20

Which drug is regularly used to treat adults with PTSD?


... The anti-depressants Paxil and Zoloft have both been approved by the FDA for treatment of adults with PTSD.


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