What do you really know about schizophrenia? Take the quiz.


There probably are more myths than facts surrounding the chronic mental illness known as schizophrenia. Take this quiz to see how much you know about schizophrenia.

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Question 1 of 20

Which disorder is the same as schizophrenia?

split-personality disorder
multiple personality disorder
neither of the above

... It's a myth that people with schizophrenia have multiple personalities. They may hear voices or hallucinate, but having multiple personalities is a different condition altogether.


Question 2 of 20

What is confabulation?

producing false memories in order to be deceptive
producing false memories, but without intentions to lie
emotional flatness

... Confabulation is producing false memories, even though there is no intent to lie. It's a "positive symptom" of schizophrenia, not because it's a good thing, but because it's excessive or distorted instead of something the person lacks.


Question 3 of 20

What Nobel Prize winner had schizophrenia?

author Pearl Buck
mathematician John Nash
physicist Cecil Frank Powell

... Nash won in economic sciences for his major achievements in game theory. He developed schizophrenia soon after his pioneering work and was the subject of the book and movie A Beautiful Mind.


Question 4 of 20

What's the difference between schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder?

Schizoaffective disorder combine symptoms of schizophrenia and a mood disorder.
Schizoaffective disorder is rare and acute, or fleeting.
There is no difference between the two; the names are interchangeable.

... Schizoaffective disorder is a common and chronic disorder that combines symptoms of schizophrenia and a mood disorder such as mania or depression.


Question 5 of 20

Who does schizophrenia affect more?

men and women equally

... There is no real difference in how many women or men have schizophrenia -- or in how it affects people of different races. Symptoms vary among people and even in one person over time.


Question 6 of 20

Is schizophrenia always an insanity defense that helps acquit criminals?

Yes, because people with it usually are violent.
No, it seldom works as an insanity defense.
Sometimes, but each case is different, depending on the diagnosis and situation.

... Each person, crime and case of schizophrenia differs. Most people who have the disorder are not violent. Even those who are may not be driven to commit crimes. Criminals must be diagnosed with a mental illness and it must be associated with the crime and other legal standards to excuse them.


Question 7 of 20

What happens to most people who have schizophrenia?

They end up in institutions.
They receive medications and therapy throughout their lives but might hold jobs.
Most are employed in the same jobs as their family members and neighbors and need no support.

... Every person with schizophrenia is different, and some lead successful lives. Still, the National Alliance on Mental Illness says that up to 90 percent are unemployed. Many work part-time or in supported employment. Medications and psychosocial rehabilitation help.


Question 8 of 20

At what age do most people with schizophrenia experience their first psychotic symptoms?

age 5
age 17
age 30

... Most people experience their first psychotic symptoms at age 17; men typically show schizophrenia diagnostic signs by their early 20s and women by their late 20s.


Question 9 of 20

Which of the following is one of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia?

blunted emotions
inappropriate behavior

... Blunted emotions are one of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, meaning normal actions or behaviors are missing or lacking. Loss of drive or social withdrawal are other examples.


Question 10 of 20

Who coined the term "schizophrenia"?

Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler
Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud
Russian behavioral psychologist Ivan Pavlov

... Eugen Bleuler coined the term in 1911. Schizo is Greek for split and phrene means mind. These root words may have led to common misconceptions about split personalities, but Bleuler only meant to address the fragmented thinking sufferers experienced.


Question 11 of 20

Can medications be forced on someone who has schizophrenia?

Usually, an institution may force medication only if the person is a danger to himself or herself, or to others,
Institutions pretty much have free license to medicate as needed and always have.
Patients always have a say in refusing medications, no matter their mental states.

... There is no clear-cut answer because of medical ethics, laws and special circumstances, but if a person is dangerous to self or others, an institution may be able to force medications. Case in point: Jared Loughner, accused shooter of Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and 18 others in January 2011: After much legal wrangling, a federal prison hospital won the right to medicate him.


Question 12 of 20

Historically, schizophrenia was thought to be caused by:

a certain bacteria
witchcraft and demonic possession
radiation exposure

... Mental illnesses such as schizophrenia often were blamed on witchcraft or possession and were treated with confessions or exorcisms. Other treatments included boring holes in the patient's skull, bloodletting with leeches, and frontal lobotomy.


Question 13 of 20

If your identical twin receives a schizophrenia diagnosis, your risk of having the disorder is:

0 percent
50 percent
90 percent

... Unaffected identical twins of schizophrenics have the highest risk of also having the disorder -- 50 percent. Having a parent or sibling with schizophrenia puts you at 10 percent risk; otherwise, risk is 1 percent.


Question 14 of 20

What is tardive dyskinesia?

a side effect of antipsychotic drugs
chronic tiredness associated with paranoid schizophrenia
a type of early childhood trauma that leads to schizophrenia

... Tardive dyskinesia is a side effect of many antipsychotic medications after long-term use. It causes muscle movements that a person can't control; many of them occur around the mouth.


Question 15 of 20

Extreme resistance is a sign of which type of schizophrenia?


... A person with catatonic schizophrenia may offer extreme resistance to being moved and may not respond to instructions. He or she also may often stare and be immobile and rigid. What little movement that does occur may be odd, repetitive or mimick others.


Question 16 of 20

What is marijuana's current association with schizophrenia?

Using marijuana may cause schizophrenia to show up sooner in those who have the genes for the disorder.
Use of marijuana is a known cause of schizophrenia.
Marijuana could be a cure for many forms of schizophrenia if legalized.

... The relationship between marijuana and schizophrenia is complex. Scientists know that many people with schizophrenia smoke pot, but the only proven link is earlier onset. Marijuana likely doesn't cause the disorder, and although it's possible that a marijuana component could one day be in antipsychotic drugs, it would only relieve symptoms, not cure the disorder.


Question 17 of 20

A person who thinks co-workers are poisoning the water in the office cooler or that the KGB has tapped his phone lines probably has which type of schizophrenia?


... People with this paranoid schizophrenia kick paranoia up a notch, often showing signs of hallucinations, anger, delusions and self-importance. It usually requires lifelong treatment.


Question 18 of 20

To diagnose childhood schizophrenia, mental health professionals often rule out the possibility of pervasive developmental disorders, such as:


... A child with schizophrenia may show delays in normal milestones, such as language or crawling, but also may display unusual behaviors, such as rocking. These could be confused with autism signs.


Question 19 of 20

When did many people with mental illnesses begin to move out of institutions and back into communities?

in the 1930s
in the 1950s
in the 1970s

... Modern science helped develop new ways to treat people by the 1950s and many moved out of institutions to receive medicines and other treatment at halfway houses or day treatment programs in their communities.


Question 20 of 20

What jazz musician and genius has used music to help him overcome his paranoid schizophrenia?

Wynton Marsalis
Tom Harrell
Herbie Hancock

... Harrell is an award-winning jazz trumpeter who also takes medication to control his paranoid schizophrenia.


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